South Sudan is violently burning as ceaseless gunfire rocks the capital city of Juba. On july 7 2016, the Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) and its opposition clash in a hostile confrontation resulting in bloody killing of roughly 300 people and 42,000 civilians on the run to wilderness for safety.
So far, the 6 day violence has precipitated a chaotic humanitarian problem for the already shattered state. South Sudan has been in conflict since its independence in 2011. The moment of respite that accompanied the peace agreement of 2015 in Ethiopia is just about to end in the wake of these fresh attacks
Targets are on UN Protection of Civilians sites (PoC), UN houses, diplomatic territories and civilian homes. However, evacuation of diplomats and relocation of civilians have commenced forthwith. Deployment of UN peacekeeping forces (UNMISS) has been made to protect UN bases and stabilize the situation.
Who Will Stop The Spread Of The Violence?
There are strong indications that the armed conflict will soon degenerate to war and engulf the whole country should immediate and necessary response not given.
United Nation Secretary General in conjunction with UN Security Council, world leaders and human rights organizations have condemned the heavy armed fighting and displacement of innocent civilians. A call to order is put forward to south Sudanese president Salva Kiir and his vice Reik Machar to respect the highest laws especially the peace accord signed.
In consensus, a demand is made to the two leaders (Salva and Machar have despised each other for ambitious, selfish reasons) to stop the hostilities and do their utmost to control their respective forces. Request is made to the president and his vice that are in conflicting terms, to fully implement the peace agreement, including the permanent ceasefire and redeployment of military forces from Juba.
The world’s youngest country has the second highest score on the Fragile States Index (i.e Failed States Index). It has been negatively affected by two destructive civil wars and suffered serious neglect. More than 2.5 million South Sudanese have been killed with millions displaced within and outside the country.