BORNO: A SHATTERED STATE

The Northeast State of Borno, Nigeria, is the stronghold of the Boko Haram: a network of jihadist groups that advocated de-westernization and islamization of Nigeria. During their madness crusade, the city of Borno came under siege of terror that lasted seven bloody years.

The umeasurable havoc left the state in desolateness that may be eternally inconstructible. Hundreds of millions of refugees with chronic deficiency have emanated from the insurgency, requiring both local and international aid.

bama

In 2014 Medicine San Fontiers (MSF) came into Nigeria with its humanitarian team to rescue the situation. Its operation alone has provided more than 116,300 medical consultation, conducted 1,330 deliveries and supported 6,000 malnourished children. In its June 22, 2016 report, it described the humanitarian situation as “beyond critical”. On the mission to Bama, MSF counted over 24,000 people, including 15,000 children sheltered in a camp with no food or basic amenities. Many suffered from severe acute malnutrition with trauma of war on their faces, Ghada Hatim MSF Head of Mission said. 19 percent of the 800 children who had nutritional screening were at immediate risk of death.

Bama had been under heavy military closure following the insurgency war, as a result many starved to death. According to MSF team, about 1,233 cemetery graves were located near the camp. And of those, 480 were for children. A local source reported to Doctors without Borders that 30 people die every day from poor hygiene and malnutrition.

Norwegian Refugee Commission (NRC) based its country program in Maiduguri since 2015 released the internally displaced figure at 2,095,812 for the first half of 2016. In 2015 it spent 25,1million NOK in providing shelter and amenities for the displaced.

MSf123131-Niger

Recently, UN humanitarian envoy was ambushed by the Islamist sect injuring four, two were UN workers. The attack caused a suspension of humanitarian mission to areas outside the capital city of Maiduguri where already hundreds of people are starving. Doune Porter UNICEF spokeswoman called it “an attack on the people who most need the assistance and aid that these workers were bringing”

President Muhammadu Buhari has intensified efforts to restore stability to the area since his inception into office. He appealed to international agencies to continue to fund the humanitarian work at this crucial time when Nigeria is in partial economic recession.

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